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In the elementary language arts program, theResources emphasis is on the development of fundamental reading and writing skills. Reading instruction includes training in phonics, structural analysis, sight recognition, context clues, vocabulary development, comprehension skills, study skills, and literary appreciation. Writing instruction teaches students how to use written language appropriately. Instruction includes specific training in grammar, spelling, handwriting, word usage, punctuation, and capitalization as well as more generalized training in composing written expressions for a variety of purposes and audiences. Skills in speaking and listening are taught with the instruction for reading and writing.

Kindergarten

In Kindergarten, students engage in activities that build on their natural curiosity and prior knowledge to develop their reading, writing, and oral language skills. The foundation for reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills begins in kindergarten. Using a variety of developmentally appropriate activities, students will experience early literacy skills such as reading, writing, and literacy workstations. Phonics and phonemic awareness activities increase alphabetic principals needed for reading and writing. Modeled and shared writing activities, as well as students working as authors, will allow the student to gain confidence as independent writing begins. Words are introduced and put on the word wall to assist children when writing. Listening skills are emphasized daily through large group participation. Reading and Writing activities take place daily. Creating a desire to read and write is critical for our kindergarten students.

First Grade

In first grade, students will engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and oral language skills. Students will write and read (or be read to) on a daily basis. Students develop their ability to think and construct meaning from a variety of books and genres while listening during read-aloud and shared reading. Reading activities include work in phonics, phonological and phonemic awareness, graphophonemic knowledge, vocabulary, and comprehension. Additionally, students will also work on the foundations of writing, how authors get ideas, and how conventions enhance a writer’s message. Knowledge of self is enhanced by the early literacy activities presented.

Second Grade

In second grade, students will engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and oral language skills. Students develop their ability to think and construct meaning from a variety of genres while listening and participating during read-aloud and shared reading. They apply their learning during guided reading and independent reading. Reading activities include work in phonological awareness, vocabulary, and comprehension, as well as developing skills in literary analysis and critical thinking. Additionally, students will work on the foundations of writing and how conventions enhance a writer’s message. Author’s craft and purpose are explored through daily writing activities.

Third Grade

In third grade, students will continue to address earlier standards as needed while attending to standards for their grade. Students engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and oral language. As in previous years, read aloud, guided reading, and independent reading are the foundations of the reading program. Third grade represents the shift from learning to read to reading to learn. Students are supported through higher levels of texts and deeper, more complex levels of comprehension. Independent learning increases as students begin to build skill, stamina, and confidence. Students will continue working with the Writer’s Workshop model, following the writing process. Author’s craft and grammar are explored through mentor texts. Students are encouraged to learn from different sources as they write on a daily basis.


Fourth Grade

In fourth grade, students engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and language skills. In Reader’s Workshop, students use cognitive strategies to develop their ability to think critically and construct meaning from a variety of genres while listening and participating in the processes of reading and listening. They apply their learning during guided reading and independent reading. Reading activities include work in language and word study, vocabulary, comprehension, as well as developing skills in literary analysis and critical thinking. In Writer’s Workshop, students are authors who create and refine their craft daily by analyzing the works of other authors, conferring with teachers and other students, and sharing their work.

Fifth Grade

In fifth grade, students continue to engage in activities that build on their background knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and language skills. In Reader’s Workshop, students use cognitive strategies to develop their ability to think critically and construct meaning from a variety of genres while participating in the processes of reading, listening and speaking. They apply their learning during guided reading and independent reading. Reading activities include work in language and word study, vocabulary, comprehension, as well as developing skills in literary analysis and critical thinking, through their participation in Literature Circles. In Writer’s Workshop, students are authors who create and refine their craft daily by writing about self-selected topics, analyzing the works of other authors, conferring with teachers and other students, producing authentic pieces, and publishing their work.

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